#30 Fred L. Moore

A challenging ancestor to research has been Fred L. Moore, my great-great grandfather. The challenge came from a combination of misinformation and my own assumptions.

I first discovered his name from my great-grandmother Mae’s birth certificate. Then I found him in her marriage records. From there, I discovered his 1885 marriage certificate and the 1900 census in Plymouth, Michigan. After that came the confusion!

Fred & Mina’s marriage registration, 9/10/1885

In the 1910 U.S. Federal Census, as mentioned in the previous post, Fred’s wife Mina was boarding with her daughter Mae at a place in Detroit. She was listed as married. In the 1910 Detroit City Directory, Mina was listed as a widow. This made me think that Fred had died in 1909ish. In 1918, she was listed as Bert Thompson’s wife on his WWI Draft Registration. However, I have Mina and Bert’s marriage certificate and it lists their marriage date as November 24, 1924 in Toledo, Ohio. Hmm. 6 years after she is first mentioned as Bert’s wife and in Ohio?

So I went another direction. I researched Mae’s brother, Glenn Bolt Moore. He was also called Fred and worked on the railroad like his father. He lived in New Buffalo, Michigan. Poking around on SeekingMichigan.org, I found Fred Moore’s death certificate with Glenn B. Moore listed as the informant. Fred didn’t die in 1909. In fact, he didn’t die until November 4, 1924. Which explains why his estranged wife didn’t remarry until late November 1924. They were, for lack of a better term, waiting for him to die.

Fred Moore’s death certificate

Now that I knew Fred was living in Berrien County, I could narrow my searching. I found a few interesting newspaper articles detailing what he was up to in the 1910s and 1920s.

He was selling grapes in 1919.
He was visiting his sister in Illinois in 1920.
In 1921, he lived on a cherry farm.

According to the March 22, 1923 issue of the Benton Harbor News-Palladium, Fred was a resident of the Berrien County Poor Home (also called the Berrien County Infirmary). According to Deanna West, “Through the years the farm became a colony within itself with orchards, vegetable gardens, corn and grain fields, barns, cows, chickens and pigs. Everyone who was physically capable did chores that they could manage. One couple that managed the farm in 1924 and several years after, were Mr. & Mrs. Edward Israel, who became very well known in the area.” On his death certificate, it notes that Fred died at the Berrien County Infirmary at the age of 61 of “chronic paresis” which is defined as “a condition typified by a weakness of voluntary movement” including limbs, eyes, stomach, or vocal cords. To add to the confusion, it says he is widowed, even though Mina didn’t die until 1942.

So I guess the moral of the story is don’t assume someone is dead just because a city directory says his wife is a widow!

“20 Years Ago.” The News-Palladium (Benton Harbor, Michigan). 12 Nov 1940, Tue. Page 2.

Death Certificate for Fred Moore, Berrien County. http://seekingmichigan.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/

“For Sale – Grapes.” The News-Palladium (Benton Harbor, Michigan). 10 Sep 1919, Wed. Page 3.

“Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NQ3P-Z54 : 15 May 2018), Fred L. Moore and Minnie A. Bolt, 1885.

“Society.” The News-Palladium (Benton Harbor, Michigan). 28 Jul 1921, Thu. Page 4.

“Township and City Poor Supported at the County House.” The News-Palladium (Benton Harbor, Michigan). 22 Mar 1923, Thu. Page 9.

West, Deanna. (2010). “Berrien County Poor House aka Poor Farm — or — County Infirmary, Berrien County, Michigan.” http://berrien.migenweb.org/Infirmary/Infirmaryhistory.htm.

Wikipedia contributors. (2018, March 23). Paresis. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paresis&oldid=832006290.

52 Ancestors #30 – Challenging

Floyd Crichton, 1901-1973

Floyd Crichton was born 27 December 1901.  In the 1920 census, he was living in Akron, Ohio.  Floyd joined the Lincoln Park Police Department in 1925 and was a motorcycle officer.  A fellow officer on the force was Preston Tucker, founder of the Tucker Corporation and the 1948 Tucker sedan.

Lincoln Park Police Department
Floyd Crichton, 2nd from right in 2nd row. Preston Tucker, 1st on left in front row. Image from Lincoln Park Historical Society.

In the 1930 census, Floyd Crichton and his first wife Gladys were living on Fort Park Boulevard in Lincoln Park, Michigan.  Gladys was 20 years old and had come to the U.S. from Canada in 1923.  Floyd was 28 years old and was a lieutenant in the police department.   They had a daughter named Delores.  Meanwhile in 1930, Preston Tucker and his wife Vera lived on Warwick Street in Lincoln Park with their 4 children and Preston’s brother William.

Sometime before 1945, Floyd and Gladys divorced.  Gladys and Delores were living in Dade County, Florida with Gladys’ second husband Hazen Dubois in a 1945 Florida census.  Delores was 14 years old at the time.  Further research about Hazen Dubois revealed that he had also lived on Fort Park Boulevard in Lincoln Park with his first wife Bertha during the 1930 census.  They had two sons, Hazen Jr. and Robert.  There was also a lodger living with them; a 20-year-old actress named Rose Adams.

Floyd became the Chief of Police of the Lincoln Park Police Department in 1936.  Presumably, that is how he met Helen Bernadine Belknap, who worked for the city of Lincoln Park.  They married on 11 December 1947.  Helen’s nieces and nephews called Floyd “Uncle Chief” or “Uncle Chiefie.”

Floyd Crichton and Helen Belknap
Floyd Crichton and Helen Belknap

In 1948, Floyd took a leave of absence from the police force to help out Preston Tucker at his auto company.  The assignment didn’t last long for the company closed in 1949.  For more information about Tucker’s trial, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preston_Tucker.

Floyd served as president of the Michigan Association of Chiefs of Police in 1951-52.  He retired in 1960 from the police department.

Floyd was interviewed by Charles Pearson for Pearson’s 1960 book The Indomitable Tin Goose: The True Story of Preston Tucker and His Car.  He gave insight into Preston Tucker’s time on the Lincoln Park Police Force.

About the area along the Detroit River, Floyd said, “It was a main port of entry for booze from Canada, and more money changed hands there during bootlegging days than anywhere else in the United States.  It was a tough district and being a cop was a tough job.”  He continued, “Pres and I worked together.  We rode motorcycles daytimes ten months of the year and squad cars after midnight.  Pres was a good cop.  There wasn’t a damn thing he was afraid of and he could spot a booze runner a mile off.” (Pearson 37).

Floyd also recalled an incident involving Tucker and his squad car that got Tucker into some trouble.   Tucker had cut a hole in the car’s dashboard with a Lincoln Park Department of Public Works torch so that heat could be piped in from the engine during the freezing winter months.  Floyd said, “So when some taxpayer heard about Tucker cutting a hole in a city-owned squad car with a DPW torch, he was in trouble.  They had no authority to lend the torch, and the next thing that would have happened would have been a hearing on destroying public property.”  Instead of an official hearing, Tucker was demoted (Pearson 40).

When Preston Tucker died in 1956, Floyd Crichton was one of the pallbearers at the funeral.  Tucker was buried in Michigan Memorial Cemetery in Flat Rock, Michigan.

Preston and Vera Tucker’s gravestone, Michigan Memorial Park, Flat Rock, MI

According to the Lincoln Park Preservation Alliance in their book Lincoln Park (from the Images of America series), Preston Tucker’s wife Vera signed copies of Charles Pearson’s book at the Sears store in Lincoln Park in 1960 with Tucker’s car on display.  Floyd Crichton also attended the book signing.

After retirement, Floyd purchased a liquor store in Lincoln Park in 1965.  The store was robbed five times.  During one of them, a private guard employed by the store shot and killed a robber.  During another robbery, Floyd was shot by a robber.  Paramedics did not know he was shot until one of them moved the tie he was wearing aside and saw a small spot of blood.  Floyd recovered and, in 1967, he and his wife Helen moved to Charlevoix to get away from the crime in the city.  According to the Detroit Free Press, in Charlevoix he “farmed and worked part time in a hardware store” (5C, April 24, 1973).

Floyd died of cancer on 22 April 1973 at Ann Arbor’s University Hospital.  Helen, who worked as a secretary at the Charlevoix County Road Commission, died on 6 January 1980.  She was killed when she was hit by a bus after she had been involved in a collision on the icy road and was exchanging insurance information with the other driver.  Floyd and Helen Crichton are also buried at Michigan Memorial Cemetery in Flat Rock, Michigan along with many members of Helen’s family.

Crichton gravestone
Floyd and Helen Crichton’s gravestone, Michigan Memorial Park, Flat Rock, MI

Helen Moore, 1895-1899

Another tragedy – isn’t genealogy full of them?  The first clue I had that this little girl ever existed is this picture.  She is at the left:

Helen, Mae and Earl Moore, c1897

The back of the picture really opened up a can of worms.  The inscription was written by Glenn Moore, the oldest son of Fred Moore and Mina Bolt.

 Back of portrait

Wow.  I know the older girl is my great-grandmother Mae, born 18 May 1892.  The baby is Earl, born 2 April 1897.  I had never heard of another girl, but it explains why Mae named her only child, a daughter born in 1912, Helen.

Above: Helen Moore’s Birth Registration. She was born 14 March 1895 in Plymouth, Michigan.

Above: Helen’s death certificate is truly horrifying.  She died 1 May 1899.  The certificate says she suffered a severe burn 10 days before.  24 hours before her death she had a hemorrhage.  The cause of death was a sympathetic fever, which had been enduring for 48 hours.

A tragedy and a mystery

September 1925, from an unknown newspaper (maybe Lincoln Park) in Wayne County, Michigan:

Willis Wells, 17-year-old son of George Wells, a contractor of 1284 Arlington Ave., accidently killed himself in a room where E.K. Belknap had gone with the youth to look for a flashlight. 
     Young Wells opened a dresser drawer and picked up an old .22 caliber pistol which was kept there.  A little later E.K. Belknap stated, when his back was turned, he heard the report of the pistol and Willis exclaimed, “I’m shot.”
    Dr. Loeffler was called, and upon arriving he found the lad lying on the bed dead.  Soon after Coroner Burgess ordered the body turned over to Undertaker Stohl.
     The accident happened at 6:40 Monday Evening.
Mrs. Arthur Belknap, 60 years old, of Fayette, Ohio, was instantly killed and her son Orville, 24 years old, seriously injured Tuesday evening, when the automobile which Orville Belknap borrowed from Sergeant William Born, and drove to Fayette to bring his mother and wife here for the funeral, ran into the rear of a body truck, ripping off the top and turning over at Telegraph and Eureka Roads.  The driver of the truck apparently did not stop.  Belknap is in the Eloise hospital, where it is said he is suffering from a fractured skull and other injuries.
     A report of the accident indicated that Orville Belknap’s wife was with him and his mother in the car.  This has since been disproved.
     The inquest into the death of Mrs. Belknap was held at Eloise Wednesday.
     Funeral was held Thursday from the home.  Interment at Woodmere Cemetery.

Willis Wells’ unmarked grave at Woodmere Cemetery, Detroit

Some parts of this news story are familiar to me.  I had heard that my paternal grandfather had a brother who died when he was 17.  First, the story was by drowning, then it was by gunshot.  It took place in Lincoln Park, which is where 1284 Arlington Ave. is located.   E. K. Belknap could possibly/probably be my great-grandfather Earl Ervan Belknap.  I know Mrs. Arthur Belknap is his mother, Martha.  She died in a car accident in 1925 which corresponds with this news article.  I know Orville is Earl’s brother.  I had no idea the families knew each other this early.  Earl’s daughter married my grandfather Wells in 1932.

Arthur Belknap Family
Martha Belknap (1869-1925), seated at center

Mystery:  Who is George Wells?  I know of no George Wells.  My grandfather’s parents were named Robert and Nannie.  Robert Wells died in Virginia in 1919.  Nannie moved her four sons and 1 daughter to Michigan around 1924, I think.  Could this be a typo in the news article?  I sure hope so.  Otherwise I have no idea what is going on.

Willis Wells, Nannie’s son, is referred to as James W. Wells and is almost 2 years old in the 1910 Virginia census.  In 1920, he is listed as an 11-year-old Willis J. Wells.

The Willis Wells of 1284 Arlington Ave.  died on September 14, 1925 and was buried September 17, 1925 in Section 6, Block 4, Lot 121 at Woodmere Cemetery.

Think this needs a little more research…

Mary Thompson, 1872-1940

Mary Agnes Thompson was born in March 10, 1872 on Amherst Island, Ontario. She was the daughter of Archibald Thompson and Eliza Dunning, both from Ireland. Records show she had one sister and nine brothers.  Mary married John Wilson in Deseronto, Ontario on November 1, 1898.  The witnesses to the wedding were her brother Cecil and her sister Agnes.  The Thompson family seems to have moved to Deseronto sometime between 1891 and 1898 since they were still living on the island in the 1891 census.  John and Mary lived on Howe Island, Ontario for the first 5 or so years of their marriage.

The small tablecloth pictured above was made by Mary Thompson in 1892 when she was around 20 years of age.  Click on the image to see it a little bigger.

Today happens to be Mary’s (it’s hard to call someone who died 39 years before you were born “Great-Grandma”) 139th birthday.  She  died on April 29, 1940.

John Andrew Wilson, 1874-1930

John Andrew Wilson, the son of John Wilson and Mary Ann Gibson, married Mary Thompson on November 1, 1898. They lived on Howe Island where their first two children, Annie Maud and Hugh, were born. They then moved to the mainland – to Pittsburg Township, Ontario – in 1903. Annie Maud died in July 1904. John and Mary had eight more children. John died in 1930 and Mary died in 1940. Their son John (Jack) ran the farm after 1940.

More about the Wilson homestead at Pittsburg in the next post.

Mary Gibson of Portaferry

Mary Ann Gibson of Portaferry, County Down, Ireland was born to Robert Gibson (birthplace: Scotland) and Mary McCormick (birthplace: Ireland) on April 11, 1837. In A New Lease on Life: Landlords, Tenants, and Immigrants in Ireland and Canada by Catharine Ann Wilson, my relatives – my relatives! – are mentioned on page 231. Mary Gibson married John Wilson sometime in the 1850s on Amherst Island, presumably. They had 4 daughters and 3 sons. One son, a twin named Robert, died in December 1871 at the age of 4 months and 10 days (see picture at right; the stone was broken off at the base when we found it. I swear!). He is buried in Pentland Cemetery on Amherst Island. Mary Ann died September 7, 1923 and is buried on Amherst Island in Glenwood Cemetery.

Next time: John Andrew Wilson, my great-grandfather.